Japan’s Yoshihide Suga was voted prime minister by parliament yesterday to become the country’s first new leader in nearly eight years, appointing a new cabinet that kept about half of the familiar faces from predecessor Shinzo Abe’s lineup.
Suga, 71, Abe’s longtime right-hand man, has pledged to pursue many of Abe’s programmes, including his “Abenomics” economic strategy, and to forge ahead with structural reforms, including deregulation and shutting down bureaucratic turf battles.
Abe, Japan’s longest-serving premier, resigned because of ill health after nearly eight years in office. Suga served under him in the pivotal post of chief cabinet secretary, acting as top government spokesman and coordinating policies.
Suga, who won a ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) leadership race by a landslide on Monday, faces a plethora of challenges, including tackling Covid-19 while reviving a battered economy and dealing with a rapidly aging society.
Speaking in his first news conference as prime minister after being sworn in, Suga said he would implement policies to beef up Tokyo’s alliance with the US, while hoping to establish stable relationships with China and Russia.
About half of the new cabinet are carryovers from Abe’s administration. Only two are women and the average age, including Suga, is 60.
Among those retaining their jobs are key players such as Finance Minister Taro Aso and Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi, along with Olympics Minister Seiko Hashimoto and Environment Minister Shinjiro Koizumi, the youngest at 39.
“It’s a ‘Continuity with a capital C’ cabinet,” said Jesper Koll, senior adviser to asset manager WisdomTree Investments.
Abe’s younger brother, Nobuo Kishi, was handed the defence portfolio, while outgoing Defence Minister Taro Kono takes charge of administrative reform, a post he has held before.
Yasutoshi Nishimura, Abe’s point man on Covid-19 response, remains economy minister, while Trade and Industry Minister Hiroshi Kajiyama, the son of a politician to whom Suga looked up as his mentor, also retains his post.
US President Donald Trump welcomed Japan’s new prime minister, the White House said in a statement, adding that the president looked forward to working with Yoshihide Suga and continuing to pursue “the vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific.”
South Korean President Moon Jae-in has told Suga that he was willing to sit down anytime in a bid to improve ties strained by historical and economic disputes, Moon’s office said yesterday.
British leader Boris Johnson congratulated Suga on his appointment as prime minister. “I hope your appointment and the historic Free Trade Agreement we secured last week take the already rock solid relationship between our countries to new heights,” Johnson said on Twitter.
“Heartiest congratulations to Yoshihide Suga on the appointment as prime minister of Japan. I look forward to jointly taking our Special Strategic and Global Partnership to new heights,” Indian PM Modi tweeted.
Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday extended her heartiest congratulations to Suga on his appointment as the prime minister of Japan, saying that she is looking forward to working in a closer tie with the new Japanese premier, reports BSS.
ROUGH ROAD AHEAD?
Katsunobu Kato, outgoing health minister and a close Suga ally, takes on the challenging post of chief cabinet secretary. He announced the cabinet lineup.
Tomoya Masanao, head of investment firm PIMCO Japan, said Suga’s goal of a more digitalised society could widen the gap between rich and poor and would require political capital.
“Abe’s administration built political capital for itself with loose monetary and fiscal policies, a balanced and skillful diplomacy with the United States and China, and implementation of flexible domestic politic,” he said. “The new administration, on the other hand, faces a rough road ahead.”
In a move that resonates with voters, Suga has criticised Japan’s top three mobile phone carriers, NTT Docomo Inc , KDDI Corp and SoftBank Corp, saying they should return more money to the public and face more competition.
He has said Japan may eventually need to raise its 10% sales tax to pay for social security, but not for the next decade, reports Reuters.
Clues as to whether and how Suga will push ahead with reforms could come from the lineup of government advisory panels such as the Council on Economic and Fiscal Policy, Koll said.
“The ambition of Mr. Suga to speed up and reinvigorate the process (of reform) is absolutely clear, but the next layer of personnel will be interesting,” he said.
Speculation has simmered that Suga might call a snap election for parliament’s lower house to take advantage of any rise in public support, although he has said handling the pandemic and reviving the economy were his top priorities.